8th Asia Pacific Conference on Exercise and Sports Science 2017
Name: Stephen L. Kopecky, M.D., FACC, FACP
Position: Professor of Medicine
Address: Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Mayo Clinic
Dr. Steve Kopecky is a cardiologist at Mayo Clinic. After his training at Mayo Medical School, he started in Mayo's Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory doing interventional procedures and in the Coronary Care Unit treating myocardial infarctions. He is now focused on cardiovascular disease prevention. He has written numerous articles for peer-reviewed journals and has received multiple "Teacher of the Year" awards from Mayo's Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and the Department of Internal Medicine. His research interests include the role of lifestyle, including diet, exercise, and proper nutrition play in risk prediction and the development of cardiovascular disease and statin intolerance, especially as it affects patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. He is a contributing editor of the Mayo Clinic’s "Healthy Heart for Life!" book. Dr. Kopecky is the Immediate Past President of the American Society for Preventive Cardiology and is the 2013 recipient of the Jan J. Kellermann Memorial Award given by the International Academy of Cardiology for distinguished work in the field of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention.
Sustainable lifestyle changes to reduce cardiovascular and chronic disease.
Inappropriate diet, high blood pressure, smoking, physical activity and air pollution are the top risk factors for global burden of disease. It has been shown in the Western Nations that behaviors account for 50% of our health, environment and genetics 20% each and access to health care, 10%. However, 88% of the health care dollar is spent on health care services while only 4% is spent on encouraging healthy behaviors.
It has been shown that the 4 basic components that comprise healthy behavior are non-smoking, eating 5 servings of fruits and/or vegetables per day, keeping a healthy weight with a body mass index of approximately 25, and vigorous physical activity of at least 150 minutes per week. However, less than 5% of the world’s population achieves all 4 of these on a regular basis. Regular vigorous physical activity and a plant-based diet with the primary source of fat being monounsaturated fat, has been shown to reduce chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, dementia, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, Parkinson’s disease, sexual dysfunction, and arthritis. In addition, these lifestyle changes not only prolong life but also the quality of life and reduce the burden of chronic disease and fragility. For us to achieve this on a world-wide basis, greater emphasis will need to be placed on educating our youth towards appropriate lifestyles and healthy diet. In addition, vigorous physical activity, which has been shown to be associated with improved health and prolonged life should be incorporated into our schools, work place, neighborhoods, and home life so that these behaviors that can be more easily achieved.